The cost of long-term care depends on where you live and the kind of care you receive. There are generally three kindsÂ of long-term care: nursing home care, assisted living facility care, and in-home care. Nursing home care is the mostÂ intensive kind of care, and usually costs the most. Assisted living facility care is for people who do not need nursingÂ home care, but who are unable to remain in their own homes. Home health care is the least expensive kind of care, andÂ is generally for those who can still function well on their own, as long as they have some assistance from a home careÂ worker.
Nursing Home Care
You might want to consider using your savings to cover the cost of your long-term care needs. Unfortunately, even theÂ most well laid out plan is subject to unexpected challenges. In 2011, the national average cost of a semi-private roomÂ in a nursing home was $86,040 annually. With an average stay of 2.4 years, thatâ€™s more than $206,496 per averageÂ stay.
Major metropolitan areas can be expensive for nursing home costs. An average nursing home in the New York CityÂ metropolitan area costs are between $96, 180 to $112, 356 annually; Washington, D.C. costs $108, 000; Hawaii costsÂ $116, 760; the Massachusetts area costs $117, 480; New Jersey costs $106, 440; and the Pennsylvania area costs $91,680.
WAEPA says that the cost of nursing home care will likely rise dramatically over the next thirty years, reachingÂ $275,000 per year.
Assisted Living Facilities
â€œAssisted living facilitiesâ€ (which can also be called â€œAssisted Care Communitiesâ€ or â€œDomiciliary Careâ€) are a fairlyÂ new form of residential care intended for people who do not require skilled nursing care, but who cannot live on theirÂ own safely because they need assistance with their daily activities, such as bathing, dressing, or taking theirÂ medications. These types of facilities often bridge the gap between living at home and moving to a nursing home.
Assisted living facilities cover a wide range of possibilities, from group homes in which residents share rooms toÂ luxurious private apartments. While services vary widely, a typical package may include a 24-hour on-call staff to helpÂ residents with bathing, toileting, dressing, and so forth; a call button in each unit for emergencies; help with managingÂ medications; laundry and housekeeping services; meal service in a dining hall; and recreational and social activities.Â Residents who develop health conditions that require closer monitoring may need to move from an assisted livingÂ facility to a nursing home.
The cost for assisted living facilities typically runs from approximately $2,000 to $5,000 or more per month. The costÂ of a facility will depend on its geographic location, the housing environment, and the extent of services provided.Â Some assisted living facilities offer Alzheimerâ€™s care, but others do not.
Home care is another option for those who are unable to live at home completely independently. Home care can be anÂ attractive option for those people who are able to function relatively well on their own, but who may need visitsÂ several times each week from a home care nurse, nurseâ€™s aide, or home worker who can help with chores and otherÂ needs. People who require lengthy, daily visits may find it more cost-effective to move to an assisted living facility.
The average annual cost for at-home Long-Term care is currently approximately $20,000. Depending on the number ofÂ visits you need and your geographic location, that cost can be substantially higher.